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Beginner’s Guide to Composting

Americans produce more waste per capita than people in the rest of the world. Everything from solid waste to organic waste comprises of around 5 pounds of waste per household in the US. However, there are many things that can be done to recycle waste, especially the organic waste. The easier and convenient we make the recycling process, the better for the nation’s economy.

Just like all solid waste can be recycled, it is also possible to recycle organic waste. To begin with, you need to consider setting up a composting system. It doesn’t have to be big or occupy half of your gardening space. A well-managed composting system can be as small as possible yet accommodate all the organic waste originating from your house. It can dramatically reduce the volume of organic things going to trash cans while being a great addition to soil. Any local library or city department in your area will tell you how to compost food waste.

There are plenty of options available for those who want to start composting, from simple baskets to latchable and rotating bins. The best way to handle this process is to keep a small closable container in your kitchen to collect waste before dumping in a larger bin. Most leftover food and kitchen scraps can be composted for gardening. Some of them include vegetables, fruits and all prepared food except meat and oil. Composting is not just about collecting these food waste in a bin and leaving it alone to rot. It is much more than that. If you are collecting only food items to be added to the compost bin, you are adding too much nitrogen. A compost should contain reasonable amount of nitrogen, carbon and oxygen.

To create the most successful compost, you need to introduce these components in layer and mix them thoroughly. For optimal breakdown, all the three components must be present in equal proportion. With oxygen, the compost will have odor problems. To introduce carbon, yard waste such as weeds and grass clippings can be added to mix.

Composting doesn’t have to be from organic waste. It can also be from worms. You might want to consider a worm bin if rodents are invading your food compost project. Worms feed on organic waste to produce clean fertilizers ideal for adding to soil in your garden. And creating this type of compost although may sound gross is not that hard. You will need a special worm bin kept it dark location where the temperature is above 60 degree F. Additionally, the worms in the bin have to be fed regularly with organic waste.

If you are new to composting, you may want to make it a fun project by including other members of the family. People who compost waste on a regular basis often become better citizens and environmentalists. You may be surprised at the benefits this project can offer in terms of activity for your family as well as healthy lifestyle.

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